Analysis of forestry carbon exchange transaction

时间:2017-10-25 23:52:10  

Forest carbon sequestration refers to the ability of forest to absorb and store carbon dioxide. Forest CO2 is absorbed by photosynthesis and oxygen is released, so that carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is fixed in vegetation and soil. It is called "forestry carbon sink". Forestry carbon sequestration is a real carbon absorption and emission reduction.





With the increasing frequency of human economic activities, especially the increase of industrial activities, a large number of greenhouse gases are emitted into the atmosphere, causing environmental pollution and global warming. Global cooperation and efforts to improve the environment and mitigate climate warming have become the basic consensus. At the 2015 Paris world climate conference, the Chinese government put forward the "national independent contribution", which will peak the carbon dioxide emissions in 2030 and strive to achieve it as early as possible. In 2030, the carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product decreased by 60%-65% compared with 2005. It is under this background of international and domestic emissions reduction that enterprises' paid use of carbon indicators has become an important way for the state to achieve emission reduction targets through market economy. In short, forest resources have certain carbon trading value because they can absorb and store carbon dioxide. Because of excess emissions, they need to invest in carbon index from the carbon trading market.





In view of the fact that voluntary greenhouse gas emissions trading is a new exploration work, involving a wide range of operational steps, complicated procedures, need careful organization, strict management, the NDRC formulated the "voluntary greenhouse gas emissions trading Interim Measures", the State Forestry Bureau also on promoting the work of forestry carbon sequestration transaction issued guidance opinions. In the Interim Measures of greenhouse gas voluntary emission reduction transaction management formulated by the national development and Reform Commission, it is pointed out that: for the enterprises that apply for voluntary emission reduction, they shall adopt "national register" for record management, and make strict management procedures for reporting terms and time and trading platform.






In January 2016, Beijing city forestry carbon sequestration office announced the completion of the first carbon trading in the Beijing environment exchange, "sell" a total of 2697 tons of carbon dioxide, the amount of 88 thousand yuan transactions, the average transaction price of about 32.6 yuan / ton. This carbon exchange trading forest is located in Fangshan and Shunyi, Beijing, with a total area of about 25 thousand mu. Guangdong Changlong carbon sequestration afforestation project was successfully recorded by the national development and Reform Commission. It is the first Chinese forest greenhouse gas voluntary emission reduction (CCER) project that can enter the carbon market. The above projects indicate that the domestic carbon exchange market has completed the practice process, and plays a demonstrative role in the future forestry carbon exchange transaction.






With the continuous strengthening of the country's environmental protection, the way to improve the environment has also been diversified. Forestry plays a vital role in reducing the concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gas and slowing the global warming. All kinds of indications show that the economic, social and ecological benefits of forestry are gradually showing.

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